Download Philosophy and Ordinary Language: The Bent and Genius of our by Oswald Hanfling PDF

By Oswald Hanfling

What's philosophy approximately and what are its equipment? Philosophy and traditional Language is a defence of the view that philosophy is essentially approximately questions of language, which to a wide volume skill ordinary language. a few humans argue that if philosophy is set traditional language, then it truly is unavoidably much less deep and tough than it is often taken to be yet Oswald Hanfling exhibits us that this is not precise. Hanfling, a number one specialist within the improvement of analytic philosophy, covers a variety of subject matters, together with scepticism and the definition of information, loose will, empiricism, folks psychology, traditional as opposed to man made good judgment, and philosophy as opposed to technological know-how. Drawing on philosophers resembling Austin, Wittgenstein, and Quine, this booklet explores the character of standard language in philosophy.

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Suppose that ‘upper-class male’ had been analytic to the Greek word. Then Socrates, in bringing forward his examples as examples of courage, would simply be making a strange mistake – as if his knowledge of the language were deficient. If it were really Socrates’ aim to change the meaning of the Greek word, then he would have to set about it in a different way. One such way would be to use it with the new meaning, in his writings and conversation. He might perhaps explain to his readers why he thought the new, extended use justified; and he might hope that others would copy him and that in due course the new use would become the ordinary use.

Evans, Aristotle (Harvard 1987), 47. Socrates and the quest for definitions 25 different from saying that we do not use substance words (such as ‘a man’) in that way, whereas we do use other kinds of words (such as ‘hot’) in that way. It is not as if Aristotle could somehow investigate the nature of substance as distinct from the linguistic practices. There is nothing (no ‘substance itself’) which stands in that relationship to what we say; and the account of how we use substance words is ipso facto an account of substance.

In another passage Austin wrote that ‘when 4 5 Austin’s position reminds one of Berkeley’s advice (discussed in Ch. 8) that ‘we need only draw the curtain of words, to behold the fairest tree of knowledge’ (G. Berkeley, Principles of Human Knowledge (Dent 1993); hereafter ‘PHK’; Introduction §24). L. Austin, Sense and Sensibilia (SS) (OUP 1962), 63. 30 The philosophy of ‘what we say’: its practice and justification we have discovered how a word is in fact used, that may not be the end of the matter.

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