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By Steve Fuller PhD

The most vital and intriguing contemporary improvement within the philosophy of technological know-how is its merging with the sociology of clinical wisdom. this is the 1st textual content booklet to make this improvement to be had.

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Extra info for Philosophy of Science and Its Discontents, Second Edition

Sample text

These ecologies could not be simulated in the psychologist’s lab on the basis of a few experimental protocols, but rather require coworkers, technical apparatus, visual representations, and texts—especially notebooks, which Tweney characterizes as “external memory stores,” specially crafted structures (often with their own idiolects) designed to prime the scientist’s cognitive powers. Over the last ten years, Tweney has been a major contributor to the cognitive history of science, largely by reconstructing Michael Faraday’s intellectual ecology from archival materials.

A quick guide will prove useful for understanding what follows. ” But here are some rules of thumb. “Science” tends to be the name given to the activity to which the other five terms pertain to the greatest extent, usually as determined by today’s philosophically informed historian. In practice, this means that physics is virtually everyone’s paradigm case of a science. “Rationality” and “truth” are more often described in functional terms than in truly substantive ones. ” To say anything more substantive would be to open the Pandora’s box of positions in the philosophy of science.

Bijker et al. 1987). A more optimistic vision is projected by the phenomenologist Don Ihde (1987), who shows how technology has enabled the construction of a plurality of environments between which we can move in and out. ” Finally, drawing on Heidegger and the hermeneutical tradition, Heelan (1983) has provided the most sophisticated development of this insight, whereby experimental observation becomes quite explicitly a means of “reading” nature. In turning to physics, the most obvious thing to say is that when philosophers suppose that the success of “science” is best explained by its special access to reality, they really mean the most advanced science, physics.

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