Download Principles of operating systems by Naresh Chauhan PDF

By Naresh Chauhan

Divided into 8 components, the ebook attempts to supply a accomplished assurance of subject matters, starting with OS architectures after which relocating directly to strategy scheduling, inter-process verbal exchange and synchronization, deadlocks, and multi-threading. less than the half on reminiscence administration, easy reminiscence administration and digital reminiscence are mentioned. those are by means of chapters on dossier administration and I/O administration. safeguard and security of working structures also are mentioned intimately. additional, complicated OSs comparable to dispensed, multi-processor, real-time, cellular, and multimedia OSs are awarded. Android OS, being probably the most renowned, is mentioned below cellular working platforms.

The final a part of the publication discusses shell programming, with a purpose to aid scholars practice the lab experiments for this path. the 1st six components include case reviews on UNIX, Solaris, Linux, and Windows.

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It is necessary in multi-programming because a user may try to enter other user’s memory and even in operating systems’ region. Also, it does not allow the users to access any I/O devices directly as the user may misuse them. It detects any exception in the system if it happens and informs the user. Thus, operating system acts as a control program that controls the user activities, I/O access, and all other activities performed by the system. Virtual Machine Manager A very different view to see the operating system is as a virtual machine manager.

All these operating systems have been developed keeping in view the convenience of the user of the system. As discussed, there was a time when all the tasks related to programming had to be done by the user only, whether it is loading the program in memory or debugging the program. The journey from multi-programming through multiuser is still continuing with ­multi-tasking and multi-threading. The central theme is the user’s convenience. e. the number of tasks being performed, or the response time of a user’s job, or the user wants to execute more than one tasks at a time or the environment wherein the user can perform the tasks conveniently without worrying about the CPU time, memory partitions, memory size, etc.

Contact cards have a 1-cm-diameter gold-plated pad that has eight contacts on it. These contacts are in turn wired to a microchip underneath the pad. The microchip can be a memory-only chip or a microprocessor chip containing memory and a CPU. Memory cards are used mostly as telephone cards, whereas microprocessor cards can be used for multiple applications on the same card. Although both cards can have stored value and stored data areas, the microprocessor card can in addition process the data since it contains a CPU, RAM, and an operating system in read only memory (ROM).

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