By E. Phoevos Panagiotidis
Matters little mentioned within the generative literature are the inner constitution of pronouns and what it's in Syntax that triggers pronominal reference. This monograph treats those issues intimately and investigates even if pronominal (strong, vulnerable and clitic pronouns) and comparable elliptical expressions could be given a unified syntactic illustration. the reply, derived from a wealth of cross-linguistic proof, is essentially affirmative: pronominals contain a semantically empty noun as a part of their inner constitution. The case of null matters in "pro-drop" languages can also be tested and it's argued that they're now not empty pronominal different types yet, relatively, the reflex of a "verbal determiner". eventually, utilizing the interior constitution of pronouns as a type of 'litmus paper', the e-book explores the connection among sensible and lexical heads in addition to the notions of choice and licensing in syntax, and provides new insights into the categorial prestige of sensible different types.
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Additional resources for Pronouns, Clitics and Empty Nouns: Pronominality and Licensing in Syntax
The new one] makes a lot of people feel insecure. We have analysed the bracketed DPs in (1a–b), and – by feasible extension – (1c), as involving a pronominal (= ‘non concept-denoting’) noun one, in line with the standard analyses on the issue (cf. Jackendoﬀ 1977; Emonds 1985; Kayne 1994). The reference of the DP the new ones in (1b) is pronominal in the sense of it being restricted by singular number, the property ‘new’ and deﬁniteness, contributed by the singular Num, the AP new and the D the respectively, but being otherwise free to range over any individual abiding by the restrictions above.
A careful reader will notice that the implication throughout the discussion so far is that interpretable semantic features are encoded exclusively on certain heads. Such an assumption about grammar goes at least back to Hellan (1986), see also Muysken & Van Riemsdijk (1986: 25). On the other hand, uninterpretable (Chomsky 1995) or unvalued (Chomsky 1998) versions of Pronouns, clitics and empty nouns semantic features can appear on other heads, as well. So, the locus of interpretable Number features is Num, although uninterpretable Number features may well be encoded on other heads, such as D, and are probably responsible for agreement phenomena.
Eliot, for the sake of exposition) with the chorus split in two and conversing (in chorus, of course). The ﬁrst semichorus addresses the second and the we of this ﬁrst semichorus is indeed one that means many speakers. Similar facts hold about their addressees, the second semichorus: you here means ‘many addressees’. It becomes evident that even this very special and certainly rare situation does not contradict the formulation of both we and you as referring to sets of people with at least one speaker or addressee as a member: in the semichorus of speakers it still holds that they are a group and that there exists at least one speaker therein,16 the same for the semichorus of addressees.