By Leo Tolstoy
«En Sebastopol no me convertí en un basic de las armas, sino de las letras.»
Lev N. Tolstói
El sitio de Sevastópol, que se inició en septiembre de 1854 y se prolongaría todo un año, fue uno de los episodios decisivos de los angeles guerra de Crimea, en l. a. que Rusia se enfrentó a una alianza turco-anglo-francesa.
Lev N. Tolstói, por entonces alférez en el Ejército ruso, llegó a Sevastópol en noviembre de 1854. Imbuido en principio por un espíritu muy patriótico, no tardó sin embargo en abandonar el romanticismo y en empezar a pensar que «las cuestiones que no resuelven los diplomáticos menos aún las resuelven los angeles pólvora y l. a. sangre». Entre junio de 1855 y enero de 1856 se publicaron sus Relatos de Sevastópol</i<, tres crónicas que entusiasmaron al zar Alejandro II pero que, aun con su protección, l. a. censura mutiló considerablemente y no se publicarían íntegras hasta 1928.
Más que los combates, a Tolstói le interesaba l. a. psicología de los combatientes, su reacción ante los angeles muerte y el horror, y las complejas sutilezas de los angeles jerarquía militar, a menudo tratada con irreverencia. Junto con los de William Howard Russell, estos relatos pueden considerarse los primeros reportajes de guerra modernos.
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Extra resources for Relatos de Sevastópol
Yet because this statement comes after a twenty-year separation, and because it is not spoken to Ɠntonia, it only serves to underscore the unconsummated state of their romance. An intimacy quickly springs up between Jim and Antonia shortly after they arrive in the farming region outside Black Hawk. Ɠntonia plays the immigrant eager to succeed in her adopted country and, in the first scene between them, she impatiently asks Jim to teach her English. Jim, all but ten, readily complies; after all, he is completely captivated by her brown eyes, which are 舠big and warm and full of light, like the sun shining on brown pools in the wood舡 (p.
In response, the narrator draws attention to the distinction between their male and female perspectives: I told him that how he knew her and felt her was exactly what I most wanted to know about Antonia. He had had opportunities that I, as a little girl who watched her come and go, had not (p. 5). On one level, the narrator is simply trying to reassure Jim that there is nothing wrong with writing about himself in the process of remembering Antonia, but Cather also seems to be offering an indirect justification for adopting a male persona in her novel.
You really are a part of me (p. 192). In response, Antonia wonders, How can it be like that, when you know so many people, and when I舗ve disappointed you so? Ain舗t it wonderful, Jim, how much people can mean to each other? I舗m so glad we had each other when we were little. I can舗t wait till my little girl舗s old enough to tell her about all the things we used to do. You舗ll always remember me when you think about old times, won舗t you? (p. 192). Once again, Cather keeps the two companions curiously beyond each other, while simultaneously insisting on their intimacy.