By Gregory E. Kaebnick, Lori P. Knowles
From the cloning of Dolly the sheep a decade in the past to more moderen advances in embryonic stem cellphone learn, new genetic applied sciences have frequently spurred polemical, ill-informed debates. might be nowhere is that this extra glaring than within the box of reproductive genetics, the place tricky bioethical concerns are distilled into sound bites and far-fetched claims for simple public intake. The underlying complexities of reprogenetic study and perform are frequently drowned out via the noise.In this considerate and knowledgeable assortment, Lori P. Knowles and Gregory E. Kaebnick collect bioethicists from the U.S., Canada, and the uk to envision the moral and coverage quandaries created by way of new genetic applied sciences. that includes an summary of the field’s historical past (including classes to be realized from eugenics), comparisons of overseas and family governmental laws, and discussions of ways the marketplace and public opinion have an effect on learn, this ebook considers either the dangers and the advantages of combining genetic and reproductive technologies.Concluding with a cautionary demand elevated law, Reprogenetics introduces truth, background, and cause right into a public dialogue of advanced and vexing matters.
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Extra info for Reprogenetics: Law, Policy, and Ethical Issues
Its potential uses, as discussed, extend far beyond intervention to cure or prevent disease or to restore functioning. This more expansive nature makes it unlikely that decisions about the development of gene splicing technology can be made appropriately within institutions that have evolved to control medical technology and the practice of medicine. (1982, 73)4 The commission recommended the institution of a new oversight mechanism for human genetic engineering. In the final chapter of Splicing Life, entitled “Protecting the Future,” the commission set out several objectives that should guide the design of an oversight group.
J. 2004. The case against perfection. Atlantic Monthly 293:51–62. Saxton, M. 2001. Why members of the disability community oppose prenatal diagnosis and selective abortion. GeneWatch 14:10–12. Silver, L. M. 1997. Remaking Eden. New York: Avon. ———. 2000. Reprogenetics: How reprogenetic and genetic technologies will be combined to provide new opportunities for people to reach their reproductive goals. In Engineering the Human Germline: An Exploration of the Science and Ethics of Altering the Genes We Pass on to Our Children.
The controversy, fueled by the public’s fear of genetic engineering and the scientific community’s fear that the public would overreact, did not end with the hearings. Indeed, public concern about human genetic engineering gave rise to a request for a research ban. On June 8, 1983, a coalition of religious leaders, ethicists, and biologists, led by Jeremy Rifkin of the Foundation on Economic Trends, asked Congress to ban genetic engineering experiments that make it possible to “design and program specific physiological characteristics .