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By Jane Fejfer

No different enormous paintings shape was once so greatly disseminated in the course of the Roman Empire because the portrait statue, and its impression on urban existence was once an important. through combining a large socio-historical point of view with a detailed analyzing of person pictures, their atmosphere, and their inscribed texts, this ebook indicates find out how to learn the that means of pictures, even those which were irrevocably remoted from their unique context and now embellish museum galleries. Key positive aspects: begin of a brand new sequence precise photographic fabric rationalization of the social and political rhetorics of Roman snap shots

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The increasingly common usage of the patronus title, previously so prestigious, amongst the lower classes, confirms this tendency. Changes in the usage of patronus may be related to changes in visual symbols too. During the later first and second century, symbols of rank such as the wearing of the matronal stola and the clavi on the tunica gradually lost their significance. The depiction of insignia expressing rank was replaced by an interest in sophisticated and luxurious clothing and hairstyles.

111 There is a significant drop in the number of honorific inscriptions set up during the third century. When we learn that 23 out of the total number of 39 inscriptions erected in the third century can be more closely dated the drop becomes even more striking: only five of the inscriptions date to the second half while 18 date to the first half of the third century, showing that with the end of the Severan period the honorific statue was no longer in fashion and that dedicatory practices had changed.

Firstly, the Roman Senate seems to have assumed the role of sole dedicant of statues in the public places of Rome. This situation obtains during the imperial period. In municipal towns in Italy and in the provinces the senate, a variety of governing bodies and institutions, as well as individual citizens (with special permission) could dedicate honorific statues. Secondly, although a systematic investigation of honorific inscriptions of the Late Republic has yet to be published,29 it seems safe to assume that honorands receiving a statue in Rome were almost exclusively members of the highest senatorial aristocracy and office-holding families, at least from the late Republican period onwards.

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