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By Beate Dignas

The root of the Sasanian Empire in Persia in advert 224 demonstrated a powerful new energy at the Roman Empire's jap frontier, and kinfolk over the following 4 centuries proved turbulent. This ebook presents a chronological narrative in their dating, supported via a considerable selection of translated resources illustrating structural styles. The political objectives of the 2 facets, their army confrontations and their diplomatic strategies are mentioned, in addition to the typical pursuits among the 2 powers. distinct consciousness is given to the placement of Arabia and Armenia, to fiscal facets, the safety of the frontiers, the spiritual existence in either empires and the channels of verbal exchange among East and West. massive realization is additionally paid to exploring the function performed by way of the Sasanians within the historical past of the traditional close to East. The publication will turn out worthy for college kids and non-specialists attracted to past due antiquity and early Byzantium.

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Extra resources for Rome and Persia in Late Antiquity: Neighbours and Rivals

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See Brandt 1998: 32–4 and Girardet 1998. Blockley 1989: 465–90; on Constantius’ objectives see Warmington 1977: 509–20. 34 2 A chronological survey When the Caesar Julian (361–3), who agitated in the West, refused to reinforce Constantius’ army against the Sasanians, the emperor was in a difficult situation. When, moreover, in the spring of 360 Julian was proclaimed Augustus by his army in Paris, Constantius was forced to intervene against him in the West but died on his way in Cilicia on 3 November 361.

93 with n. 107. For Kart¯er and his rise to power see Sprengling 1940a: 197–228; Chaumont 1960: 339–80; Hinz 1971: 485–99. 50 Decret 1979: 130–1. 51 Metzler 1982: 144. Brock 1978: 167–81. The title Persicus maximus of the year 290 (CIL iii 5810) emphasises Diocletian’s successes in the East; cf. Enßlin 1942. Chaumont 1969: 93–111; Kettenhofen 1995c: esp. 48–55 and 144–68; see also p. 128 with n. 47 below. 28 2 A chronological survey mentioned above forced Bahr¯am II to watch the activities of the Roman emperor without taking any action.

Keaveney 1982: 412–28; Hillman 1996: 380–99. Plut. Crass. 18–33; Cass. 16–27; Marshall 1976; Shahbazi 1992: 9–13; Tucci 1992. Timpe 1962: 104–29. 1 To the beginning of the third century 13 Caesar’s plans for a Parthian War15 and the intense preparations prior to Antony’s Parthian campaign16 confirm Rome’s respect for the military force of the Parthian kingdom. However, the Romans were still not willing to acknowledge their opponent in the East as an equal power. 17 The claim for world domination prevented the imperium Romanum and other states from coexisting as equal partners bound by principles of international law.

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