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By Paul M. Churchland

A examine within the philosophy of technological know-how, featuring a powerful type of the doctrine of medical realism' and constructing its implications for concerns within the philosophy of brain.

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V, sect. 3, in Gracia, Suárez on individuation (Milwaukee: Marquette University Press, 1982), pp. 81 and 95. 33. G. E. M. Anscombe, "The Principle of Individuation", Berkeley and Modern Problems. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society. suppl. vol. 27 (1953): 83-96; A. C. Lloyd, "Aristotle's Principle of Individuation", Mind 79 ( 1970): 519-529. 34. David Wiggins, Sameness and Substance (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1980), p. 92; J. Lukasiewicz, "The Principle of Individuation", Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, suppl.

Avicenna: The Great Synthesizer I now turn to the views of Avicenna on individuation. I shall, as I have said, be concerned mainly with presenting his results or doctrines, and not with his arguments for them, nor with their historical antecedents. As a preliminary, it is important to note that the views Avicenna gives in his Shif'a* and the only ones available to the Latin West are not necessarily his own views. 6 In any case, as we are concerned here with the Avicenna Latinus, I shall just present the views of the Shif'a*.

25. ; Thierry of Chartres and Gilbert of Poitiers, in Gracia, Introduction to the Problem of Individuation 3; and Ayer, "The Identity of Indiscernibles". 26. See n. 17. 27. This would he the ontological counterpart of the extensional view described earlier as Realism. 28. Individuality 3. 29. See n. 16. 30. These formulae are found in Boethius' translation of Porphyry's Isagoge, second edition, 4, 17, ed. Samuel Brandt, in CSEL (Vienna: Tempsky, 1906; rep. New York: Johnson, 1966), vol. 48, pp.

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