By Beata Huszka
This ebook analyses how nationwide independence hobbies’ rhetoric can inflame or hose down ethnic violence. It examines the level to the ability of phrases issues whilst a sector attempts to damage away to develop into a kingdom state.
Using discourse research, this publication examines how the method of secession impacts inner ethnic family members and analyses how politicians interpret occasions and current arguments which will mobilize their constituencies for independence. With in-depth case reviews at the Slovenian, the Croatian and the Montenegrin independence events, and by way of instances from Indonesia and Spain, the writer investigates how rhetoric impact inner ethnic kin in the course of secession and the way occasions and debate form one another. the writer demonstrates how every so often of self-determination elites push for the next point of sovereignty within the identify of monetary development, while in different instances, self-determination hobbies seek advice from ethnic id and human rights matters.
Explaining how and why yes discourses dominate a few independence events and never others, Secessionist events and Ethnic Conflict should be of curiosity to scholars and students of politics, background, nationalism, ethnic clash and discourse analysis.
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Additional info for Secessionist Movements and Ethnic Conflict: Debate-Framing and Rhetoric in Independence Campaigns
It is rather a matter of perception, as the cases of Catalonia and the Basque country demonstrate. In Catalonia and the Basque country, in spite of the Franco regime repressing the local language and culture, Spanish-speaking immigrants were welcome to integrate, although in principle they could have been easily viewed as a threat to Catalan and Basque identity (which will be explained in detail in Chapter 5). Thus, where a threatening neighbour or centre has ethnic kin within a secessionist territory, the perception of internal threat might or might not emerge – as the above-mentioned cases suggest.
Johnston, Tales of Nationalism. David A. Snow and Robert. D. Benford, ‘Master frames and cycles of protest’, in Frontiers in Social Movement Theory, ed. A. D. Morris and C. M. Mueller (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1992), 133–55. Pierre Bourdieu, Language and Symbolic Power (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1991), 16–17. Introduction 25 18 Siniša Malešević, Ideology, Legitimacy and the New State (Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2002), 103, 255. 19 Walker Connor, Ethnonationalism: The Quest for Understanding (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994), 207.
By contrast, in Croatia and Montenegro, where minorities constituted a larger part of the population, inter-ethnic relations were widely discussed by politicians and leading intellectuals. Although Montenegro and Croatia were both home to a sizeable Serbian population and both faced threats from Milošević, mobilization went in very different directions in the two republics. e. the independence movement adopted an identity frame depicting minorities as equal members of the national community. In addition, by contrasting Slovenia with Croatia one can control for objective economic conditions.