By Robert Elgie
During this ebook, Robert Elgie examines the connection among semi-presidentialism and democratic functionality. Semi-presidentialism--where a structure presents for either a at once elected president and a first-rate minister and cupboard dependable to the legislature--has turn into the regime kind of selection for brand spanking new democracies. There at the moment are over 50 international locations on the planet with a semi-presidential structure and the majority of those nations have selected this way of presidency because the early Nineteen Nineties. Semi-Presidentialism operationalizes Shugart and Carey's contrast among president-parliamentarism--where the leading minister is accountable to either the legislature and to the without delay elected president--and premier-presidentialism--where the major minister is in charge to the legislature by myself. The booklet exhibits that, all else equivalent, the president-parliamentary sub-type is prone to be linked to a poorer democratic functionality than its premier-presidential counterpart. The facts relies on a mixed-method method, together with large-n comparative statistical reviews of all semi-presidential democracies seeing that 1919, in addition to in-depth case experiences.
Comparative Politics is a sequence for college kids, lecturers, and researchers of political technology that offers with modern govt and politics. international in scope, books within the sequence are characterized by way of a rigidity on comparative research and robust methodological rigour. The sequence is released in organization with the eu Consortium for Political study.
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Extra resources for Semi-Presidentialism: Sub-Types and Democratic Performance (Comparative Politics)
This is because, by deﬁnition, each side retains the opportunity to dismiss the government and, crucially, each side has the incentive to do so, or at least to threaten to do so, in the hope of forcing the appointment of a new government over which it can exercise more inﬂuence. With few costs sunk into the process of government formation, few incentives will be needed to motivate a movement away from the status quo. The result, though, is likely to be political instability at least relative to premier-presidentialism.
Within this general category, though, there is still considerable institutional variation. One way of capturing this variation is to distinguish between countries with a president-parliamentary form of semi-presidentialism and those with a premier-presidential form. There are good theoretical reasons to believe that the performance of democracy in president-parliamentary countries should be worse than in premier-presidential countries. Whether or not there is evidence to support such reasoning is the subject of the next chapters.
However, the majority of this work has not been concerned with the performance of democracy. Moreover, even when it has, predictions about the performance of president-parliamentarism relative to that of premierpresidentialism have not been the subject of rigorous empirical testing. There is, therefore, an empirical gap that this book aims to ﬁll. 36 Semi-Presidentialism The distinction between premier-presidentialism and president-parliamentarism has been operationalized by various writers. For example, Reiter and Tilman (2002) hypothesize that premier-presidential countries are less likely to initiate conﬂict than presidential and president-parliamentary countries, but that they are more likely to do so than parliamentary countries.