By Kathleen Uradnik
Although it might look not easy to think, it took America's lawmakers a few one hundred ten years earlier than they crafted laws aimed toward maintaining the welfare of youngsters. finally, legislation have been handed to assist and guard childrens. This perfect scholar reference examines and explains intimately 20 such legislation that experience affected America's early life in a variety of methods. A dialogue of the background and impression of every legislation is via a gently edited model of the legislations itself. Examples comprise the nationwide university Lunch Act, which supplied unfastened or reduced-cost food to younger scholars; the Uniform consuming Age Act, which set the nationwide ingesting age at 21; the reasonable exertions average Act, the 1st winning federal try to keep an eye on baby hard work; and the Selective provider Act, which required younger males to sign up for the draft.The landmark legislation are divided into 3 components: healthiness and Welfare legislation, Citizenship and Democratic Participation legislation, and schooling legislation. The legislation are geared up chronologically inside of every one part. An introductory evaluation examines the background of kid's concerns in federal laws and explores reform activities and the advocacy of kid's issues. The creation additionally makes obviously transparent that scholars usually are not an unempowered constituency, and feature plentiful possibilities to make their voices heard. A timeline and appendix also will reduction scholar learn, making this quantity an critical advisor to America's legislation pertaining to its youth.
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Extra info for Student's Guide to Landmark Congressional Laws on Youth
Provide that the State agency will make [required] reports; provide for carrying out the purposes specified in section 511; and provide for cooperation with medical, health, nursing, and welfare groups and organizations and with any agency in such State charged with administering State laws providing for vocational rehabilitation of physically handicapped children. Part 3: Child Welfare Services Section 521. For the purpose of enabling the United States, through the Children's Bureau, to cooperate with State public-welfare agencies estab- SOCIAL SECURITY ACT 31 lishing, extending, a n d strengthening, especially in p r e d o m i n a n t l y rural areas, public-welfare for the protection a n d care of homeless, d e p e n d e n t , a n d neglected children, a n d children in d a n g e r of b e c o m i n g delinquent, t h e r e is hereby authorized to b e a p p r o p r i a t e d for each fiscal year, beginning with the year e n d i n g J u n e 30, 1936, the sum of $1,500,000.
In many cases, initial pieces of legislation on a particular issue, such as childhood disabilities, have been excluded in favor of a discussion of a piece of major legislation that represents the culmination of years of legislative struggle over that issue. Where possible, the legislative origins of these entries have been discussed to provide background for the reader. Where there has been extensive legislative activity, such as in the areas of child health care and safety, an attempt has been made to select laws that are representative and that have had the greatest impact in improving child welfare.
To their credit, Congress and the states had been trying for years to adopt laws that would improve the working conditions for Americans and that would ban, or at least restrict, child labor. The Progressive Movement, which emerged in part to battle the excesses of industrialization, sought better working and living conditions for average Americans. It led to numerous attempts by federal and state reformers to establish, among other things, food and drug safety laws, minimum wage and maximum working hours legislation, and child labor laws.