By Zhang Xiliang (auth.)
Sustainable car power procedure in China goals at opting for and addressing the main problems with car strength in China in a scientific approach, overlaying demography, economics, know-how and coverage, in accordance with systematic and in-depth, multidisciplinary and entire stories. 5 situations of China’s automobile strength improvement are created to research the prospective contributions within the fields of car power, automobile gasoline economic system development, electrical autos, gasoline mobile cars and the second new release biofuel improvement. because of this publication, readers can achieve a greater knowing of the character of China’s automobile strength improvement and be told approximately: 1) the present prestige of car strength intake, motor vehicle know-how improvement, car strength expertise improvement and coverage; 2) the way forward for automobile power improvement, gasoline intake, propulsion know-how penetration and car power know-how improvement, and three) the pathways of sustainable automobile power transformation in China, specifically, the technological and the policy-related thoughts.
This ebook is meant for researchers, engineers and graduates scholars within the low-carbon transportation and environmental safeguard box.
China automobile strength learn heart (CAERC), Tsinghua University, confirmed in 2008, is a university-wide interdisciplinary car power examine establishment affiliated to Laboratory of Low Carbon strength (LCE), Tsinghua collage. greater than 30 researchers are operating at CAERC, together with six complete professors. CAERC’s project is to create and disseminate sustainable car power wisdom, learn and improvement of built-in automobile power method overview methodologies and types, and supply technological and coverage suggestions for sustainable car strength process transformation in China and the world.
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Extra resources for Sustainable Automotive Energy System in China
Constrained by fuel-refining technology, China implemented the National II fuel standard (equivalent to Euro II) nationwide before 2009, in which the sulfur content of gasoline was 350 mg/kg and that of diesel 2,000 mg/kg. China planned to adopt fuel standards that were equivalent to Euro III in 2010 throughout the country. In 2010, the sulfur content of gasoline was limited to 150 mg/kg and that of diesel 350 mg/kg. In order to meet the new vehicle emission standard, some large cities such as Beijing have already adopted National IV, which calls for a further reduction in the sulfur content of gasoline to 50 mg/kg and that of diesel to 50 mg/kg.
Made a projection using a similar method. This approach is sensitive to the assumption of vehicle ownership saturation level, selection of historical data, and assumption of future GDP growth rate. (continued) 32 Wang Hewu et al. (continued) The higher the vehicle ownership saturation level is set, the more recent are the historical data employed, the faster is the assumed future GDP growth, and the higher the result. Thus, studies using the same approach may obtain quite different projection results.
Q is the total annual emission (tons). P is the vehicle population (million). The registered population of different types of vehicles can be calculated using the method proposed by Huo et al. (2011). In this method, the dynamic vehicle turnover was simulated using vehicle survival function rates, newly registered vehicles, and scrapped vehicles. Vehicle survival functions are variation curves that show, with the aging of vehicles, the changing proportion in the target type’s current population with respect to the originally registered population.