The bottled waters has turn into an essential and lively zone of the beverage international, in constructed and constructing international locations all over the world. considering that e-book of the 1st variation in 1998, the has gone through a awesome enlargement, and this has served to underline the necessity for an available resource of technical guidance.
This ebook is exclusive in offering an summary of the technology and know-how of the bottled waters undefined. the second one variation has been reinforced via bringing in a US co-Editor, and the assurance has been completely revised and significantly prolonged. a brand new bankruptcy is integrated on cleansing and disinfection.
The booklet presents a definitive resource of reference for beverage technologists, packaging technologists, analytical chemists, microbiologists and health and wellbeing and security body of workers.
Chapter 1 creation (pages 1–5): Dorothy Senior and Nicholas J. Dege
Chapter 2 industry improvement of Bottled Waters (pages 6–27): Duncan Finlayson
Chapter three different types of Bottled Water (pages 28–92): Nicholas J. Dege
Chapter four Hydrogeology of Bottled Waters (pages 93–131): Mike Streetly, Rod Mitchell and Melanie Walters
Chapter five Water remedies (pages 132–165): Jean?Louis Croville and Jean Cantet
Chapter 6 Bottling Water ? holding safeguard and Integrity during the procedure (pages 166–188): Dorothy Senior
Chapter 7 Filling apparatus (pages 189–226): Fred G. Vickers and John Medling
Chapter eight cleansing and Disinfection within the Bottled Water (pages 227–271): Winnie Louie and David Reuschlein
Chapter nine caliber administration (pages 272–287): Dorothy Senior
Chapter 10 Bottled Water Coolers (pages 288–312): Michael Barnett
Chapter eleven Third?Party Auditing of Bottled Water Operations (pages 313–324): Bob Tanner
Chapter 12 Microbiology of common Mineral Waters (pages 325–387): Henri Leclerc and Milton S. da Costa
Chapter thirteen Microbiology of handled Bottled Water (pages 388–402): Stephen C. Edberg
Read or Download Technology of Bottled Water, Second Edition PDF
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The bottled waters has develop into an important and energetic area of the beverage global, in built and constructing international locations all over the world. given that ebook of the 1st version in 1998, the has passed through a amazing enlargement, and this has served to underline the necessity for an available resource of technical counsel.
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Additional info for Technology of Bottled Water, Second Edition
2004 1:21pm page 17 17 MARKET DEVELOPMENT OF BOTTLED WATERS West Europe North America Middle East 2003 Latin America 1997 East Europe Asia/Australasia Africa 0 5000 10 000 15 000 20 000 25 000 30 000 35 000 40 000 45 000 Volume (million litres) Fig. 4 Regional bottled water growth, 1997 to 2003. ) West Europe North America Middle East 2003 Latin America 1997 East Europe Asia/Australasia Africa 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Litres per capita Fig. 5 Regional bottled water per capita growth, 1997 to 2003.
Consequently, counts in still waters, which will be very low at source and at the time of bottling, can rise exponentially throughout the shelf-life of the product to 105 and even 106 organisms per ml within days of bottling before ultimately declining several months later. The constituents of the natural flora, sometimes known as autochthonous (indigenous) bacteria, are important, because their presence in the source provides evidence that chemical pollution is absent. In addition, it is commonly accepted that the original natural flora stabilises the water microbiologically and renders it less susceptible to the growth of undesirable organisms.
And the separate line for ‘still to 1 litre’ shows that this segment is providing nearly all of the growth in packaged water. e. on the small packs which can be bought at outlets everywhere and consumed on the go. This condition has been influenced partly by the entry of Aquafina (PepsiCo) into national distribution in 1997 and Dasani (Coca-Cola) in 1999. G. 2004 1:21pm page 19 19 MARKET DEVELOPMENT OF BOTTLED WATERS Volume (million litres) 25 000 20 000 > 10 litres 15 000 Up to 10 litres Still to 1 litre 10 000 5 000 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 Fig.