By Robert J Wilkinson
The Christian Reception of the Hebrew identify of God has no longer formerly been defined in such aspect and over such a longer interval. This paintings areas that various reception in the context of early Jewish and Christian texts; Patristic reviews; Jewish-Christian relationships; Mediaeval notion; the Renaissance and Reformation; the background of Printing; and the advance of Christian Hebraism. The contribution of notions of the Tetragrammaton to orthodox doctrines and debates is uncovered, as is the contribution its learn made to non-orthodox ingenious constructs and theologies. Gnostic, Kabbalistic, airtight and magical texts are given both particular attention. There emerge from this sustained and certain exam a number of routine subject matters in regards to the trouble of naming God, his being and his windfall.
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Extra info for Tetragrammaton: Western Christians and the Hebrew Name of God, from the Beginnings to the Seventeenth Century
The Tetragrammaton also appeared on inscriptions from the collection of Scheich Mousaïeff, which the Israel Antiquities Authority has subsequently deemed fake: P. , “Deux Ostraca Paleo-Hebrew de la Collection Sh. Moussaieff,” Semitica 46 (1997), 49–76, and plates 7 and 8. 99 Evidently the Lord had not only acquired a wife, but also appears to have been associated with the Egyptian creator Chum. B. Becking, “Die Gottheiten der Juden in Elephantine,” in Der eine Gott und die Götter: Polytheismus und Monotheismus im antiken Israel, eds.
A divine name. 26 Introduction interpretations of the Tetragrammaton but has not entirely, it is important to note, removed ontological implications. The trend of late 19th-century and 20th-century scholarship, however, has been sharply to oppose the meaning of the Hebrew text with the later Christian interpretations based upon Greek and Latin Bibles. A succinct and representative position was taken by Gerhard von Rad: nothing is further from what is envisaged in this etymology of the name of Jahwe, than a definition of his nature in the sense of a philosophical statement about his being—(LXX ego eimi ho ôn)—a suggestion, for example of his absoluteness, aseity etc.
30 Introduction name yhwh, a use we shall consider shortly. c. that were taken into the caves along the river by a group of Samaritans who were trying to escape the revenge of Alexander the Great. 100 Wadi Daliyeh Samaria Papyri (wdsp) 8, p. 88, line 7, has “to Mikayahu…,” the last part of the person’s name being clearly the name of God “Yahu” (yhw). (The Wadi Daliyeh Papyri also offer evidence for a two-letter form of the Name of God. See, for instance, wdsp 15, p. ) Evidence of shorter forms of the divine name is provided by theophoric names in the Hebrew Bible and epigraphy.