By Frank J. Fenner, B. R. McAuslan, C. A. Mims
The Biology of Animal Viruses, moment variation offers with animal viruses targeting molecular biology and tumor virology. The e-book experiences the character, chemical composition, constitution, and category of animal viruses. The textual content additionally describes the equipment of separating animal viruses, how those are grown within the laboratory, assayed, purified, and utilized in biochemical experiments. The e-book additionally describes the constitution and chemistry of many recognized viruses resembling the papovaviridae, herpes virus, poxvirus, coronavirus, or the Bunyamwera supergroup. The e-book then explains the constitution and serve as of the animal mobile together with the cytoplasmic organelles, the nucleus, inhibitors of mobilephone functionality, and viral multiplication. different papers speak about intimately the multiplication of the DNA and RNA viruses, whose mechanisms of multiplication vary from these of alternative viruses. different papers talk about the recognized prevention and remedy tools of viral ailments, in addition to the epidemiology and evolution of viral ailments as a result of human's disturbance of the biosphere and from scientific and experimental suggestions. The textual content can turn out helpful for immunologists, veterinarians, virologists, molecular researchers, scholars, and academicians within the box of mobile microbiology and virology.
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Extra info for The Biology of Animal Viruses
With our present knowledge of the morphological and chemical complexity of the poxviruses, it is not difficult to envisage these agents as being the next degenerate step in the series: bacterium, rickettsia, chlamydia. Although they resemble bacteria in most important respects, rickettsia and chlamydiae are, like viruses, obligate intracellular parasites lacking the metabolic equipment for independent multiplication. On the other hand, some DNA viruses could well have arisen from episomes, by the acquisition of genetic information specifying a protein coat.
Information on the cells used for the cultivation of human pathogens is given in Lennette and Schmidt (1969), and for all animal viruses in Andrewes and Pereira (1972). Many research workers have particular cell lines that they favor for the viruses that they are studying; Table 2-1 lists some of the kinds of cultured cells commonly used for biochemical experiments and plaque assay of model viruses of various genera. Recognition of Viral Growth in Cell Culture The growth of many viruses in cell culture can be monitored by a number of biochemical procedures indicative of the intracellular increase in viral macromolecules and virions, as described below (Chapters 5 and 6).
1967) to bring together a number of minor arbovirus groups linked by distant serological reactions between occasional "bridging" viruses. The subgroups of viruses included are shown in Table 1-15. All these viruses, numbering well over 100, are known or suspected to be arthropod-borne. TABLE 1-15 Bunyamwera 5upergroupa [R/l: */*: S/E: I,V/Di] VIRUSES Serologically related members of Bunyamwera supergroup Viruses serologically unrelated to Bunyamwera Bunyamwera subgroup Group C subgroup Guama subgroup Capim subgroup Simbu subgroup Bwamba subgroup California subgroup Patois subgroup Tete subgroup Koongol subgroup Phlebotomus fever subgroup Uukuniemi Turlock Rift Valley fever α Characteristics : genome consists of single-stranded RNA, possibly occurring as pieces, molecular weight undetermined; tubular nucleocapsid 12-15 nm in diameter, within lipoprotein envelope 90-100 nm in diameter.