Download The Cambridge Companion to Abelard by Jeffrey E. Brower, Kevin Guilfoy PDF

By Jeffrey E. Brower, Kevin Guilfoy

Peter Abelard (1079–1142) is without doubt one of the maximum philosophers of the medieval interval. even if top recognized for his perspectives approximately universals and his dramatic love affair with Heloise, he made a few vital contributions in metaphysics, good judgment, philosophy of language, brain and cognition, philosophical theology, ethics, and literature. The essays during this 2004 quantity survey the complete variety of Abelard's proposal, and look at his total success in its highbrow and old context. in addition they hint Abelard's impact on later proposal and his relevance to philosophical debates at the present time.

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Their decision to read them as about words does not mean that they believed that there were not, in fact, things signified by the words. If it did, they would have had to have held that there is nothing in the world but words – an absurd position, pace some of our own contemporaries. Two illustrations make this point clearer. 48 They are all based on the fact that Porphyry describes a genus as being “that which is predicated of many things”: this description fits words, not things, because things are not predicated.

William does. 68 Investigation into the direction and chronology of the influence uncovers a more complex and, ultimately, very revealing story. In his earliest commentary on Boethius’s Consolation (probably c. 69 William’s earliest discussion, then, dates from the same time as Abelard first developed his second, favourable view of the World Soul, in the Theologia “summi boni,” or perhaps a little earlier or later. Abelard’s earlier hostility in the Dialectica very probably dates from well before William started writing.

The text is edited in de Rijk 1959. 44. In Herimann, 275: 13–18, a passage referring to the years 1088 to 1092 describes Rainbert as teaching logic in voce – a method he describes as a novelty and contrasts with that of Odo of Tournai, who taught it Cambridge Companions Online © Cambridge University Press, 2006 42 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. ” The chronicle was written in 1142 or later (cf. p. 267). , Iwakuma 1992b, 41; and Mews 1998, 53–54. Porphyry’s five predicables are, with regard to language, five different sorts of predicate: genus (“Man is an animal”), species (“Socrates is a man”), differentia – the word for the essential characteristic by which members of one species differ from members of another species of the same genus (“Man is rational”), proprium – strictly, the word for an accidental characteristic that is possessed by all and only the members of one species (“Man is able to laugh”), and accident – the word for any other non-essential property or relation of something (“Socrates is white”).

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