By Marguerite Deslauriers, Pierre Destrée
Probably the most influential works within the background of political thought, Aristotle's Politics is a treatise in sensible philosophy, meant to notify legislators and to create the stipulations for virtuous and self-sufficient lives for the electorate of a country. during this spouse, wonderful students provide new views at the paintings and its issues. After a gap exploration of the relation among Aristotle's ethics and his politics, the vital chapters stick with the series of the 8 books of the Politics, taking on questions reminiscent of the position of cause in legitimizing rule, the typical strong, justice, slavery, inner most estate, citizenship, democracy and deliberation, solidarity, clash, legislation and authority, and schooling. The ultimate chapters speak about the interplay among Aristotle's political proposal and modern democratic thought. the quantity will offer a worthwhile source for these learning historic philosophy, classics, and the background of political thought.
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Extra info for The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle's Politics (Cambridge Companions to Philosophy)
Broadie 1993: 190–212 therefore treats the analogy with technai as highly misleading, because it insinuates a “grand end” view of ethics. A representative of the “grand end view” is, for instance, Cooper 1975: 91–115. For a defense of the speciﬁc end view cf. Broadie 1993, esp. ch. 4. Cf. Ackrill 1980. Aristotle, at NE III 3, 1112b17, conﬁnes himself to the indication that the means should be determined “in the ﬁnest possible way” (kallista) and mentions that if some impossibility is incurred the project will have to be given up (NE III 3, 1112b24–26).
The emphatic tone of that denial (NE II 2, 1104a5–9) should not detract from the fact that Aristotle does not rule out the existence of general rules in medicine and in navigation. His point is, rather, that because the general account (ho katholou logos) of what is to be done ˆ kath hekascannot be overly precise, the particular one (ho peri ton 33 ton logos) is even less precise. That particular cases “do not fall under any art or set of precepts” is no sign of total anarchy, but that the agent’s decisions must be determined by the situation.
23 A morally well-trained individual will, quite naturally, respond to a given situation in the right way so that explicit processes of deliberation, invoking universal rules or standards, are unnecessary. 24 Because these factors may vary from case to case, from individual to individual, there are no precise rules of how to act. What is an act of courage in the case of a physically strong person may be foolish rashness in the case of a weak one. What is an act of liberality towards a deserving friend in need may be a waste in the case of a gambler, and a small donation from a poor person may be magnanimous, while the same amount from a wealthy one would be niggardly.