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By A. H. M. Jones

Lines the Greek urban as a political establishment alongside the jap Mediterranean.

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Such towns had apparently hitherto been governed by magistrates taken from the local populationwhether elected by it or appointed by the city is not clear. 29 Trajan's reorganization of the administrative system of Thrace thus did little to develop either the political or economic life of the province. Its principal effect was to transfer the government of the country from a centralized bureaucracy to local authorities, and this was probably its principal object. The Roman government may, as in Egypt, have found difficulty in recruiting its officials, and, as in Egypt, solved the problem by thrusting this duty onto locally elected councils.

The city territory was divided into a number of tribes. These had no relation to the old Thracian tribes, but were artificial units named either, like the Artemisiad and Cendriseid, after divinities, or, like the Hebraid and Rhodopeid, after natural features. The tribes were governed by officials called phylarchs, who were probably elected by the city council. They were subdivided into groups of villages called comarchies, named after the principal village of the group. html [01-01-2009 11:45:05] page_22 < previous page page_22 next page > Page 22 bodily from the old régime.

3 The Carian communities were generally republics. The Persians, it is true, here as elsewhere, favoured tyrants, and before the establishment of the Athenian supremacy tyrannies seem to have been the rule. Thus Oliatus son of Ibanollis and Histiaeus son of Tymnes were tyrants of Mylasa and Termera at the beginning of the Ionian revolt, and Aridolis was tyrant of Alabanda under Xerxes. Under the rule of Athens the Carian communities were almost all republican. The few exceptions are carefully noted in the lists.

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