By Larry M. Hyman, Jenneke van der Wal
This quantity brings jointly descriptions and analyses of the conjoint/disjoint alternation, a typologically major phenomenon present in many Bantu languages. The chapters offer in-depth documentation, comparative reviews and theoretical analyses of the alternation from various Bantu languages, exhibiting its crosslinguistic version in constituent constitution, morphology, prosody and knowledge constitution.
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Additional info for The Conjoint/Disjoint Alternation in Bantu
As also observed in the above examples, the cj verb + object constitutes a single phonological phrase whose penultimate vowel undergoes lengthening. If the dj form is followed by another constituent, the verb is typically phrased separately from this constituent. One of the issues that arise throughout this volume is whether the cj category should be identified only in cases where it contrasts with a dj form, or wherever the cj allomorph occurs. Thus, there is a difference in the definition of the cj and dj verb forms.
To be in principle independent of the immediate after verb (IAV) position (cf. Creissels for Tswana). On the basis of the lack of a sentence-final restriction, Devos argues that despite the similarities with the cj/dj alternation, the system of paired tenses in Shangaji is not the same, nor does it seem to be developing towards a typical cj/dj alternation. Morimoto and Fiedler, however, show for Kikuyu and Yom, respectively, that the alternating verb forms do display a sentence-final restriction and also correlate with focus.
If it is an argument, it can be a primary or secondary object as in the examples above, or in some languages a subject (8); see further under parameter 14. Makhuwa (P31, Van der Wal 2014: 49) Kimatuumbi (P13, Odden 1984: 295)5 (8) cj Agonja Mambóondo. ’ Not only nominals but also following clauses can license a cj verb form (see Section 7). Halpert (2012) shows for Zulu that complement clauses headed by the complementizer ukuthi can be preceded by the cj form. Zulu S42, Halpert 2012: 175) For Makhuwa, I show in Van der Wal (2014) that complement clauses (11) as well as adverbial subordinate clauses (10) can license the use of a cj verb form, although the two differ in their possible interpretations.