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By William H. Brenner

This article is an advent to the most important metaphysical and epistemological structures of the early glossy interval. It deals heritage info at the philosophers mentioned and analyzes their writings and arguments. Key excerpts from vital texts similar to Locke's "Essay" are incorporated. The philosophers coated variety from Democritus and Galileo to Hume and Kant and a desk of historic dates is integrated.

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DES CARTES I wish I could be of more material service to you. I wish ... ELIZABETH [Interrupting] Go now, good master. Go out and make free of the court which has banished me. Turn their hearts and minds to philosophy as you have turned mine. It is their evil that I must bear. Moderate it if you can ... FOR FURTHER READING ELIZABETH ANSCOMBE and PETER GEACH, trans. , Descartes' Philosophical Writings. Indian· apolis: Bobbs·Merrill, 1971. Contains an outstanding translation of important, selected texts.

21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 45 stances or created monads may be called souls. But as feeling is something more than simple perception, I am willing that the general name of monads or entelechies shall suffice for those simple substances which have perception only, and that the term souls shall be confined to those in which perceptions are more distinct, and accompanied by memory. For we experience in ourselves a state in which we remember nothing, and have no distinct perception; as when we are in a swoon or in a profound or dreamless sleep.

As Professor Vesey acknowledges, the use of the geometrical example towards the end of his dialogue comes not from the Descartes-Elizabeth correspondence, but from Arnauld's objections. 7From Chapter 6 of Philosophy in the Open (Milton Keynes, England: Open University Press, 1974), edited by Godfrey Vesey. Reprinted with permission of the publisher. chapter 2 SPINOZA THE PROPHET OF THE ONENESS OF ALL THINGS Baruch Spinoza was born into the Jewish community of Amsterdam in 1632 and excommunicated from it for his heretical views in 1656, whereupon he changed his name to its Latin equivalent, Benedictus.

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