By Ronald N. Johnson
The decision to "reinvent government"--to reform the govt forms of the United States--resonates as loudly from elected officers as from the general public. studying the political and fiscal forces that experience formed the yank civil carrier approach from its beginnings in 1883 via this day, the authors of this quantity clarify why, regardless of makes an attempt at an overhaul, major swap within the paperwork is still a powerful problem.
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Extra info for The Federal Civil Service System and the Problem of Bureaucracy: The Economics and Politics of Institutional Change (National Bureau of Economic Research Series on Long-Term Factors in Economic Dev)
For example, Oliver Williamson (1975, 117-26) argues that the distinctive advantages of internal organization are impaired and transactional diseconomies incurred as firm size increases. I6 The linkage between organization size and labor control problems is also made in the literature on government bureaucracy by Gordon Tullock (1965, 142-92), who argues that authority deteriorates within the bureaucracy with increases in the size of the agency. Anthony Downs (1967, 143) points out that, the larger any organization becomes, the weaker is the control over the actions exercised by those at the top.
Post Office Department, Annual Report, 1884, 86). Per capita postal expenditures also tended to be highest in the most populous states. 40 in 1900 (when data are available), almost six times that for South Carolina. S. Post Office Department, Annual Report, 1900, 810). S. Civil Service Commission, Annual Report, 1893-94, 132). ~~ these positions were located in the nation’s capital. Hence, it is unlikely that these employees were of much use as campaign workers for either members of Congress or local party officials.
Highlevel appointees would remain within the patronage system. 3. The president would take the lead in promoting civil service reform. 4. Members of Congress from districts with large customhouses and post offices would join the president in promoting adoption of the merit system. These implications regarding the nature of civil service reform legislation and the identity of the politicians who supported it are examined in the following section. ””The Jenckes bill, which was a prototype for the Pendleton Act, called for the use of competitive examinations for entry into the federal civil service for all positions, except those top-level offices named by the president and confirmed by the Senate.