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By Kenneth S. Painter

The Casa del Menando hoard was once came upon by means of Professor Amedeo Maiuri in 1930, through the excavation of the Insula of Menander. This quantity presents the 1st accomplished examine of the hoard, such as the one surviving whole Roman dinner carrier for 8 humans.

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Vestorius Priscus' silver, rather than with that in the Boscoreale and Hildesheim hoards. 25 There seems to be no reason, then, to suppose that the Casa del Menandro treasure, with its single phiale and stand, has lost accompanying vessels of the same sort or that deficiencies in the `show' silver imply that other groups of vessels in the hoard may be similarly deficient. It does not therefore follow that the argument put forward here, that the Casa del Menandro hoard is to all intents and purposes a complete service, must fall.

A number of questions must be asked. What evidence is there within the hoard for its ownership? Is it certain that the plate must have belonged to the owners of the house? And, if the silver did belong to the owners of the house, what does the silver tell us about the status of the owners? Or, alternatively, should the question be, what does the house tell us about the status of the silver? ownership: internal evidence of the silver Is silver plate useful as an indicator of status? Weight gives a means of assessing the relative importance of surviving treasures.

One part of Baratte's argument is supported by the evidence of the Casa del Menandro silver. Distinct groups within the treasure have been described above; but it is certainly the case that the treasure as a whole has no single unity of decoration or style. The evidence of these groups is that the Casa del Menandro treasure is an accumulation of various types of vessel and implements. 47 What of the other part of Baratte's argument, that there was no complete `service' of Roman plate? It is of course possible that the surviving hoards of plate, such as those from Graincourt, Chatuzange, and Thil, are only parts of multiple deposits which were hidden in several places, and that the lost portions of the hoards completed the services; but, although there can be no decisive proof, it seems likely that Baratte is right in suggesting that most hoards are all the silver plate which their owners possessed and that the services were incomplete.

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