By David P. Forsythe, Barbara Ann Rieffer-Flanagan
The overseas Committee of the pink move (ICRC) has a posh place in diplomacy, being the mother or father of foreign humanitarian legislation yet usually appearing discretely to strengthen human dignity. handled by means of such a lot governments as though it have been an inter-governmental association, the ICRC is a non-governmental association, all-Swiss on the most sensible, and it truly is given rights and tasks within the 1949 Geneva Conventions for sufferers of conflict. Written via bold specialists within the box, this booklet analyzes overseas humanitarian motion as practiced via the overseas crimson pass, explaining its historical past and constitution in addition to analyzing modern box event and extensive diplomatic tasks relating to its valuable initiatives. Such initiatives comprise: making sure that detention stipulations are humane for these imprisoned on account of political clash or struggle delivering fabric and ethical reduction in clash selling improvement of the humanitarian a part of the legislation of warfare bettering the cohesion and effectiveness of the flow.
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Additional resources for The International Committee of Red Cross: A Neutral Humanitarian Actor (Routledge Global Institutions)
In the end, the ICRC protected its place in providing humanitarian protection in situations of conflict, while the Federation was left to deal with natural disasters and other concerns in peace time. Although the ICRC retained its pre-eminent position, it nevertheless had to acknowledge the existence of another body, the Federation, and relations between the two were far from harmonious. The ICRC would also see an attempt to challenge its place in humanitarian protection from Count Bernadotte, the president of the 24 Historical development Swedish Red Cross after the Second World War.
Following its controversial performance in the Nigerian Civil War, the ICRC agreed, without enthusiasm, to a review of Red Cross activities by a team of international scholars and officials. The result was the Tansley Report, which concluded that the Movement was indeed badly fragmented, with many weak national units, and that changes should be made to encourage more cooperation between the ICRC, the Federation, and the national RC societies. By implication, this report criticized the quality of ICRC leadership on these issues, which, as the “guardian of IHL” and founding agent of the Movement, had allowed the then-current situation to develop.
J. 20 The best answer to this question probably lies in Swiss neutrality on the part of the government in Bern, a neutrality that historically contributed to ICRC achievements but which in this case impeded them. Many Swiss leaders, both in Bern and Geneva, while not openly anti-Semitic, were concerned about not offending or provoking the Germans. The primary reason for the rejection of any public statement was the fear of compromising the Swiss government’s position of neutrality, which translated into a policy of appeasement in order to safeguard the independence of the country.