Download The Mismeasure of Man (Revised & Expanded) by Stephen Jay Gould PDF

By Stephen Jay Gould

The definitive refutation to the argument of The Bell Curve.
<strong></strong>When released in 1981, The Mismeasure of Man was once instantly hailed as a masterwork, the ringing resolution to people who might classify humans, rank them in line with their intended genetic presents and limits.

but the belief of biology as future dies demanding, as witness the eye dedicated to The Bell Curve, whose arguments are the following so successfully expected and carefully undermined. during this version, Stephen Jay Gould has written a considerable new creation telling how and why he wrote the ebook and tracing the following historical past of the talk on innateness all the way through The Bell Curve. extra, he has further 5 essays on questions of The Bell Curve particularly and on race, racism, and organic determinism quite often. those additions advance the book's declare to be, as Leo J. Kamin of Princeton college has stated, "a significant contribution towards deflating pseudo-biological 'explanations' of our current social woes."

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Extra resources for The Mismeasure of Man (Revised & Expanded)

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It seems highly likely to us that both genes and the environment have something to do with racial differences. " D o n ' t y o u g e t it y e t , M r . M u r r a y ? I d i d n o t state that y o u a t t r i b u t e all d i f f e r e n c e t o g e n e t i c s — n o p e r s o n w i t h a n iota o f k n o w l e d g e w o u l d say s u c h a foolish t h i n g . My q u o t e d line d o e s n o t so c h a r g e y o u ; m y s e n t e n c e states a c c u r a t e l y that y o u a d v o c a t e " p e r m a n e n t a n d h e r i t a b l e d i f f e r e n c e s " — n o t that y o u a t t r i b u t e all d i s p a r i t y t o g e n e t i c s .

D e t e r m i n i s t s h a v e o f t e n i n v o k e d the traditional p r e s t i g e o f scie n c e as objective k n o w l e d g e , f r e e f r o m social a n d political taint. T h e y p o r t r a y t h e m s e l v e s a s p u r v e y o r s o f h a r s h truth a n d their o p p o n e n t s a s sentimentalists, i d e o l o g u e s , a n d wishful t h i n k e r s . L o u i s A g a s s i z ( 1 8 5 0 , p . 1 1 1 ) , d e f e n d i n g his a s s i g n m e n t o f blacks t o a s e p a r a t e species, w r o t e : " N a t u r a l i s t s h a v e a r i g h t to c o n s i d e r the q u e s t i o n s g r o w i n g o u t o f m e n ' s physical relations a s m e r e l y scientific q u e s t i o n s , a n d to investigate t h e m w i t h o u t r e f e r e n c e to e i t h e r politics o r r e l i g i o n .

Y o u h a v e o n l y stated a t r u i s m e n t i r e l y o u t s i d e the r e a l issue. W h e n y o u m a k e the p r o p e r distinction b e t w e e n heritability a n d f l e x i b i l i t y o f b e h a v i o r a l e x p r e s sion, t h e n w e m i g h t h a v e a real d e b a t e b e y o n d t h e r h e t o r i c o f phrasing. I shall n o t p u r s u e my c r i t i q u e o f The Bell Curve h e r e , f o r I p r e s e n t this e f f o r t in t h e first t w o essays of the c o n c l u d i n g section.

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