By Eric M. Uslaner
This examine seeks to provide an explanation for why humans position their religion in strangers, and why doing so concerns. belief is an ethical worth that doesn't rely on own event; we learn how to belief from our mom and dad. Trusting societies usually tend to redistribute assets from the wealthy to the terrible, and to have more beneficial governments. belief has been in decline within the usa for over 30 years. Uslaner makes use of combination time sequence and cross-sectional info to teach that the roots of this decline are available in declining optimism and fiscal inequality.
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Extra resources for The Moral Foundations of Trust
But there would be little reason for Jane to change her worldview based upon a single bad experience, or many bad experiences. Even the most committed generalized trusters must know many people they consider untrustworthy. Unless you live in a truly mean world such as Montegrano, your daily experiences will not make you more or less of a generalized truster. Your own experiences are simply too limited to generalize to the larger society. But collective events speak precisely to the inclusiveness of others in our moral community.
It is more difﬁcult to build than to destroy because trust is not so easily transferable from one person to another. Putnam (2000, 21) points to this generalized reciprocity, where we do things “without expecting anything speciﬁc back . . 13 People realize that it is not wise to extrapolate from individual cases to the general. Instead, we either seek some rationalization for our disappointing experience or simply wave it away as irrelevant (cf. , in press). This reﬂects the optimistic worldview that underlies moralistic trust.
They believed that others in their ingroup were more likely to deal honestly with them, so they could minimize being exploited when trading with people they did not know (Greif 1993). As long as members of an in-group can identify each other, they can limit their interactions to people they expect to be trustworthy. Using signals such as appearances or ethnic identiﬁcation may be useful in determining trustworthiness (Bachrach and Gambetta 2000), but only for particularized trusters. Generalized trust, after all, is not based upon trusting speciﬁc people, and it does not depend on evidence.