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By Kathryn A. Foster

In contemporary many years, neighborhood governments throughout the US have more and more grew to become really expert features over to self sufficient businesses ranging in scope from subdivision-sized water districts to multi-state transit professionals. This e-book is the 1st entire exam of the factors and results of special-purpose governments in additional than three hundred metropolitan components within the usa. It offers new facts at the financial, political, and social implications of counting on those exact districts whereas supplying very important findings approximately their use and importance.

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In the 1920s and 1930s, widespread embrace of the tenets of Progressivism provided a favorable political climate for a fourth type of special-purpose government, the public authority. 45 The public-authority model caught on, leading to formation of hundreds of these nontaxing entities over the next several decades. By the 1930s, then, four different district subtypes regional, small-area (submunicipal or unincorporated), municipally coterminous, and nontaxing (of any scale) had gained a foothold in metropolitan affairs.

Danielson, Thomas Romer, and Julian Wolpert, for their encouragement and smarts, both of which improved the process and product. I am especially grateful to Mike Danielson, chair of my committee, for his learned insights, spirited and thorough critiques, and ongoing interest. Although this book is several iterations away from the original product, there undoubtedly remain a few ideas or expressive phrases that owe their distinction to Mike. The wisdom of my own institutional choice to accept a job at the University at Buffalo has been affirmed repeatedly by the collegial and talented group of students, staff, and faculty I have found there.

In the late 1850s and 1860s, for example, the New Page 16 York State Legislature approved the formation of metropolitan police, fire, excise, and sanitary districts encompassing New York City, the City of Brooklyn, and the surrounding counties of Kings, Westchester, and Richmond. Between 1869 and 1889, Illinois officials created three parks districts and a sanitary authority in the Chicago Metropolitan Area. In the late 1880s and early 1890s worsening water pollution and a desire to develop a metropolitan park system convinced state lawmakers to heed the recommendations of Boston-area officials to create independent water, sewer, and parks districts to serve that metropolitan area.

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