By Jonathan Winburn
Permitting legislators to choose the electorate that make up their districts is a basic clash of curiosity and principal main issue for the preferred sovereignty of yank elections. within the Realities of Redistricting, Jonathan Winburn examines the level of this capability challenge by way of targeting either the incentives and the limitations dealing with kingdom legislators throughout the redistricting technique. so much study on redistricting has a tendency to check basically the results produced by way of partisan profits or losses; although, we all know less approximately what constrains political mapmakers through the technique. we all know even much less approximately no matter if constraints outfitted into the method are adequate to restrict the partisan manipulation of either district obstacles and electoral results. From the start phases of redistricting to the ensuing results on election day, this ebook analyzes the restrictions and incentives that nation legislators face.By studying the whole procedure, this publication investigates who holds the ability within the strategy and improves our figuring out of the stipulations below which redrawing district obstacles have an important impact on partisan politics in the course of the state. particularly, reformers, who usually argue for commissions, may well locate that concentrating on the foundations instead of the actors is a greater route to bettering the method. The Realities of Redistricting is a fascinating and informative learn for someone interested in some of the most contentious tactics within the American process.
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Additional info for The Realities of Redistricting: Following the Rules and Limiting Gerrymandering in State Legislative Redistricting
In both states, the Democrats should be in a slightly better position as both states had a Democrat in the governor’s mansion. However, the Republicans in both states were in a situation to influence the process as they put together the map in the chamber they controlled and approved the other chamber’s plan. Under divided government, the ability to pursue a statewide partisan gerrymander appears quite limited while the pursuit of an incumbent gerrymander or a chamber specific partisan gerrymander seems more viable.
Texas showed a similar pattern to most southern states as the legislature went from one-party in 1990 to highly competitive in 2000. The Republicans gained a one-seat majority in the Senate in 1996 and held that slim margin through 2000. In the House, the Democrats saw Understanding Redistricting / 37 their power slowly erode throughout the decade until they held a bare three-seat majority in 2000. Based on partisan competition, redistricting strategies emerge for the eight states. The two unified legislative states both are in a position to attempt partisan gerrymanders.
Once again, the unified legislative states should have the easiest time. Within the unified group, neither Georgia nor Michigan stands out as having a clear advantage for implementing their strategies. Both have unified control with a history of court involvement and have similar traditional districting principles in place. In the divided states, Indiana clearly stands out as having fewer constraints. The legislators have no traditional principles to work with, little previous court involvement, and independent districting plans.