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1983; and Enkvist & Kohonen, 1976). Summarizing previous research (see also Tommola, 1985), Wolff points out that comprehension is a bidirectional process: not only is the incoming information processed, but the knowledge structures are also brought into play. The knowledge structures (called by some schemata) can be activated by the linguistic cues provided by the incoming data, by situational cues and by the expectations the comprehender has about the data itself. A listener or a reader is constantly generating hypotheses about what will come next in the sequence.

Summarizing previous research (see also Tommola, 1985), Wolff points out that comprehension is a bidirectional process: not only is the incoming information processed, but the knowledge structures are also brought into play. The knowledge structures (called by some schemata) can be activated by the linguistic cues provided by the incoming data, by situational cues and by the expectations the comprehender has about the data itself. A listener or a reader is constantly generating hypotheses about what will come next in the sequence.

Syster (solution percentage 100%), hand Sw. hand (95%), cat Sw. katt (89%), school Sw. skola (82%), father Sw. fa(de)r (82%), mother Sw. mo(de)r (81%), policeman Sw. polls (81%), blue Sw. blå (81%), house Sw. hus (77%), dance Sw. dans(a) (77%), room Sw. rum (69%), drink Sw. dricka, drink, dryck (66%), brother Sw. bro(de)r (65%), snow Sw. snö (53%), foot Sw. fot (50%) (Palmberg, 1985:91). All these pairs have a very close semantic cross-linguistic correspondence, in addition to the immediately recognizable phonological similarity.

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