By Andre Tchernia
Andre Tchernia is likely one of the major specialists on amphorae as a resource of monetary historical past, a pioneer of maritime archaeology, and writer of a wealth of articles on Roman alternate, particularly the wine alternate. This booklet brings jointly the author's formerly released essays, up to date and revised, with contemporary notes and prefaced with a wholly new synthesis of his perspectives on Roman trade with a selected emphasis at the humans concerned with it.
The e-book is split into major elements. the 1st is a common examine of the constitution of Roman alternate: landowners and investors, investors' fortunes, the problem of the marketplace, the function of the kingdom, and dispatching what's required. It tackles the hot debates on Roman alternate and Roman financial system, offering, unique and convincing answers.
The moment a part of the e-book is a variety of 14 of the author's released papers, which variety from discussions of common issues corresponding to the information of problem and pageant, the approvisioning of historic Rome, alternate with the East, to extra really expert reviews, resembling the translation of the 33 advert obstacle.
Overall, the ebook encompasses a wealth of insights into the workings of old exchange and expertly combines dialogue of the cloth evidence--especially of amphorae and wrecks-with the prosopographical process derived from epigraphic, papyrological, and ancient data.
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For our present purposes, let us note that large-scale trade dishonours no one; it is a quaestus as defensible as the artes liberales of the doctor or architect, one that is potentially highly respectable if one proves, by abandoning it, that one is free of the defects of traders and is capable of preferring the noblest source of riches, agriculture. 65 Whatever the case may be, though, it is not seemly for senators to engage in it. TH E SE C RE C Y T HE O R Y The most widely held view is that, despite this, senators did engage in it, breaching the social taboo and getting round the only law that could hinder 62 See p.
Fronto was born in Cirta in Numidia; the family appears to have had connections neither with Spain nor with trade. In addition, the same name ﬁgures in another inscription, atypical this time, in red letters of different appearance, discovered ‘some distance away from the previous one’. Inscriptions in red seem to mean not traders, but rather consignees. 51 The inscription on the bellies of Dressel 20 amphorae means the owner of the oil at the time of lading, normally a trader, but in rare cases a customer who has bought at source via an agent and is now having the amphorae conveyed to his residence.
53 The fact is that, if Louis Robert’s conclusion is sound,54 this would be not only the most clearly established case of it but also the only one in which there is participation in transport by sea. 55 As such, they would contravene custom and propriety; and they should be added to the three exceptions to the principle of separation between production and large-scale trade offered by the ‘trading landowners’ of Baetica. 51 53 54 55 52 See p. 81. Robert (1968: 598–9). D’Arms (1981: 158); Pleket (1983: 137; 1984: 14).