Download The Second World War: The Mediterranean 1940-1945 by Paul Collier PDF

By Paul Collier

This ebook explores the concept the Mediterranean theatre of worldwide conflict II used to be the 1st actually smooth battle - a hugely cellular clash during which logistics used to be a serious and sometimes determining issue. From the very starting it turned obvious that victory wouldn't be attainable with out shut tactical coordination among the land, sea, and air components. both sides could eventually improve and withdraw throughout 1,000 miles of wilderness until eventually the Axis forces have been decisively defeated at El Alamein in 1942.

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Infantry carriers and ambulances waiting to move up are silhouetted against the glare from the guns. (Imperial War Museum E18465) miles) of Tunis, by the end of November the Germans had rushed 17,000 troops to Tunisia and in a tenacious defense stemmed the Allied forces. Hitler now recognized that a collapse of Axis power in Africa threatened not only Mussolini’s regime but also Germany itself by exposing the whole of southern Europe to Allied attack. He therefore allocated massive reinforcements to the campaign in Africa on a scale far greater than ever before, at a time when men and equipment were desperately needed on the eastern front.

Coming soon after the collapse at Stalingrad it was a further humiliation for Hitler, but for Mussolini it was a disaster. The greater part of the Italian Army had been lost and the Italian Empire, on which the credibility of his regime had been based, had ceased to exist. Mussolini’s survival now depended entirely on Hitler. The invasion of Europe The invasion of Sicily was the next logical step in the battle for the control of the Mediterranean and a possible return to continental Europe. Moreover, since free passage through the Mediterranean could not be guaranteed without its capture, Churchill and Roosevelt approved Operation Husky at the Casablanca conference in January 1943.

He hoped, against US wishes, to capture the airfields on Rhodes from which British bombers could attack the Romanian oilfields, to encourage the partisans in Yugoslavia and Greece, and above all to encourage Turkey to join the antiAxis Alliance. During September, 4,000 British troops occupied eight of the islands but the 30,000-strong Italian garrison on Rhodes was confined by the 7,000 German troops on the island. During October and November the Germans recaptured the remaining islands and carried out severe reprisals on the Italians who had cooperated with the British.

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