By Maurice Casey
The starting bankruptcy surveys the historical past of scholarship concerning the complex use of the word 'son of guy' within the New testomony. It additionally explains why this challenge couldn't be solved until eventually lately. Casey then offers the correct Aramaic facts. He deals a cautious dialogue of using the Aramaic time period 'son of guy' within the mild of over 30 examples of using this time period through audio system who're bearing on themselves. Chapters 4-9 speak about genuine examples of this idiom within the educating of Jesus, with Aramaic reconstructions of every announcing. All yet the sort of sayings is located in Mark or 'Q'. there's then an entire dialogue of secondary sayings within the Synoptic Gospels. the 1st ones depending on Daniel 7.13 belong to the earliest Gospel, which additionally comprises the result of translating actual sayings of Jesus from Aramaic into Greek. there's a dialogue of the transition method among actual Aramaic sayings of Jesus and Greek 'son of guy' sayings within the synoptic Gospels. This argument builds on paintings within the box of translation reports, and the paintings of historic translators, specifically of the Septuagint. Casey argues that Gospel translators intentionally translated either actually and creatively to supply a brand new Christological name. it truly is this practice that's glaring within the Fourth Gospel: its 'son of guy' sayings healthy completely into Johannine theology. the ultimate bankruptcy attracts jointly a whole technique to this hard challenge.
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Extra resources for The Solution to the 'Son of Man' Problem
10. He knew from his study of Aramaic, more extensive than that of any of his predecessors, that ( בר )א(נשׁ)אhad to refer to ‘man’ in general, and he knew from his study of the Gospels that each Son of man saying had to refer to Jesus in particular. He had not however found Aramaic evidence that both things were possible at once. This led him to a conjecture which was to run fruitlessly for some time. He noted the use of the Aramaic ההוא גברא by a speaker in the third person to refer to himself, and announced that one would 39.
51 Other occasional contributions almost made significant progress. R. VII,2, where Jacob of Kefar Niburayya, ordered by R. Haggai to come and be beaten for ruling that fish should be ritually slaughtered, responded as follows: בר נשׁ דאמר מילה דאוריתא לקי אתמהא A (son of) man who interprets the word of Torah is beaten! I am amazed. 47. Lietzmann, Menschensohn, p. 95. 48. Lietzmann, Menschensohn, pp. 89–90. 49. J. Wellhausen, Skizzen und Vorarbeiten VI (Berlin: Reimer, 1899), pp. 187–215, ‘Des Menschen Sohn’: Einleitung in die drei ersten Evangelien (Berlin: Reimer, 2nd edn, 1911), pp.
143; likewise, The Servant-Messiah (Cambridge: CUP, 1953), p. 72. 99. Abbott, ‘The Son of Man’; more briefly in previous years, Notes on New Testament Criticism (Diatessarica VII. London: A & C Black, 1907), pp. 140–52, ‘The Son of Man’: The Message of the Son of Man (London: Black, 1909). 100. Abbott, ‘The Son of Man’, p. xi. 101. Abbott, ‘The Son of Man’, pp. xxii–xxiii. 102. Abbott, ‘The Son of Man’, pp. 82–107. The State of Play 33 This is methodologically unsound, because it equates the difficulty of translating ( בר )א(נשׁ)אinto Aramaic with what Aramaic might reasonably be reconstructed from o9 ui9o\v tou= a)nqrw&pou as possible words of Jesus.