By Samuel Ball Platner
Книга представляет из себя своеобразный путеводитель по Древнему Риму. При всей наглядности, работа отличается фундаментальностью, подтвержденной временем - книга Плантера и по сей день остаётся этапной в историографии Рима как города.
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Extra resources for The topography and monuments of ancient Rome
Sense of Mundus, or the receptacle 'at the centre of the templum, 3 states, on the authority of Ennius for Festus : Quadrata Roma in Palatio ante templum Apollinis dicitur, ubi reposita sunt quae solent boni ominis gratia in urbe condenda adhiberi, quia saxo munitus est initio in specie m quadratam. 4 This Mundus is supposed to be represented upon a fragment of the Marble Plan, where a small four-sided structure of stone, raised above the ground and approached by steps on two sides, stands in the area Apollinis.
No remains of these connecting walls have been found, and it would be remarkable in the highest degree if they had survived the great changes of An obscure passage centuries in the very centre of the city. 3 mentions a murus terreus Oarinarum, evidently an in Varro embankment of earth on the Carinae, and this has been 4 thought by some to be the wall of the Septimontium and on the supposition that it ran along the bank of the brook ; Varro, LL. \. 152; BC. 1905, 189-232. Jordan, I. 1. 183-188; 3.
The length varied, but in the most perfect examples it is usually 4 feet, just twice the height, and the blocks are laid in alternate courses of headers and stretchers, one course running lengthwise and the next being laid endwise (emplectori). In the earliest opus quadratum of gray tufa the blocks were smaller. Where travertine was the material employed, the blocks were not all cut of the same size, as that would have involved too great a loss. Mortar or cement was used during the earliest period, but only in a thin bed or skin, not to bind the blocks together, but simply to make a more perfect joint.