By Fergus Kerr
Thomas Aquinas is among the giants of medieval philosophy, a philosopher who had--and who nonetheless has--a profound impact on Western inspiration.
Aquinas was once a arguable determine in his time who was once frequently engaged in fierce theological debates. He used to be the most important classical proponent of typical theology, and the daddy of the Thomistic university of philosophy and theology.
This Very brief creation will examine Aquinas in a historic context, and discover the Church and tradition into which Aquinas was once born. it's going to contemplate Aquinas as thinker and theologian, and should examine the connection among philosophy and faith within the 13th century. Fergus Kerr, during this enticing and informative advent, makes the Summa Theologiae, Aquinas's maximum unmarried paintings, obtainable to new readers. He additionally sheds precious mild at the value of Thomas Aquinas nowa days, displaying why Aquinas issues now, illustrating the numerous position that the writings of Aquinas play in modern debate.
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Additional info for Thomas Aquinas: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)
For those in the “openness of God” camp, these sorts of texts control the discussion, and the passages already discussed that affirm God’s immutability are the ones that must be softened or explained away. , God relenting in the matter of destroying Nineveh because the city repents, Jonah 3:9-10). , Ezek. 3:16-21; 33). This is simply a way of saying that God’s purposes are immutable when the situation is such and such; his purposes are different for a different set of circumstances. , Ezek. 22:30-31).
If we love him, we will obey him (14:15); here, if we obey him, we remain in his love. And thereby our relation to Jesus mirrors the relation of Jesus to his heavenly Father—which is of course a major theme in John 17. Then the passage explicitly harks back to John 5, which we have been thinking through. Jesus says, “You are my friends if you do what I command. I no longer call you servants, because a servant does not know his master’s business. Instead, I have called you friends, for everything that I learned from my Father I have made known to you” (15:14-15).
In short, he provides the raw stuff of Christian monotheism. Along the way, he says some extraordinarily important things about the love of God. We cannot here take the time to follow his argument in great detail, but we may skip through the text and trace the following points. (1) Jesus denies that he is setting himself over against God as an alternative to God. Far from it: he is entirely dependent on the Father and subordinate to him—yet it turns out to be an astonishing subordination. On the one hand: “I tell you the truth, the Son can do nothing by himself; he can do only what he sees his Father doing” (5:19a).