By Ling Bing Kong, Y. Z. Huang, W. X. Que, T. S. Zhang, S. Li, J. Zhang, Z. L. Dong, D. Y. Tang (auth.)
This ebook covers the most recent development within the box of obvious ceramics, emphasizing their processing in addition to solid-state lasers. It involves 10 chapters masking the synthesis, characterization and compaction, basics of sintering, densification of obvious ceramics via diversified tools in addition to obvious ceramic functions. This publication can be utilized as a reference for senior undergraduate to postgraduate scholars, researchers, engineers and fabric scientists operating in solid-state physics.
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This e-book covers the most recent growth within the box of obvious ceramics, emphasizing their processing in addition to solid-state lasers. It comprises 10 chapters masking the synthesis, characterization and compaction, basics of sintering, densification of obvious ceramics by means of varied equipment in addition to obvious ceramic functions.
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Extra resources for Transparent Ceramics
J Nanopart Res 13:597–611 53. Chen JY, Shi Y, Shi JL (2004) Synthesis of (Y, Gd)2O3: Eu nanopowder by a novel co-precipitation processing. J Mater Res 19:3586–3591 54. Huang YH, Jiang DL, Zhang JX, Lin QL (2009) Precipitation synthesis and sintering of lanthanum doped yttria transparent ceramics. Opt Mater 31:1448–1453 55. Huang ZG, Sun XD, Xiu ZM, Chen SW, Tsai CT (2004) Precipitation synthesis and sintering of yttria nanopowders. Mater Lett 58:2137–2142 56. Ji XB, Deng JG, Kang B, Huang H, Wang X, Jing W et al (2013) Thermal decomposition of Y3Al5O12 precursor synthesized by urea homogeneous co-precipitation.
In this case, α-Al2O3 powders, with a mean particle size of about 10 nm and a weak agglomeration, were synthesized by using an α-Al2O3 seeded polyacrylamide gel method. The densiﬁcation and the suppression of the grain growth are realized by exploiting the difference in kinetics between grain boundary diffusion and grain boundary migration. The densiﬁcation was promoted by the slower grain boundary diffusion without promoting grain growth in second-step sintering. Unfortunately, the nanosized Al2O3 ceramics were not optically transparent.
The transparent ceramics were made from cubic stabilized ZrO2 (c-ZrO2) powder by sintering at vacuum of 1 × 10−3 Pa at 1650 °C for 3 h, followed by HIP treatment at 1750 °C for 1 h at a pressure of 196 MPa. Post-thermal annealing at 1000 °C was conducted to decolorize the as-sintered samples. The role of TiO2 was regarded as a grain growth promoter and a pore scavenger. 2 Simple Oxides 37 ceramics were comparable to those of their single crystal counterparts. In addition, transmission performances of the ceramics were sensitive to the microstructure of the pre-sintered compacts.