Download Typology and Universals (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics) by William Croft PDF

By William Croft

The second one version of this crucial textbook has been completely rewritten and up to date to mirror advances in typology and universals over the last decade. It reports new methodologies reminiscent of the semantic map version and questions of syntactic argumentation; dialogue of present debates over reasons for particular periods of universals; and comparability of the typological and generative ways to language.

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1988. Padroes na aquisicao da fonologia do portugues. Letras de Hoje 74: 7–30. , & Hammond, M. 2005. The acquisition of phonology based on input: A closer look at the relation of cross-linguistic and child language data. Lingua 115: 1403–1426. Covert contrast in the acquisition of second language phonology Fred R. Eckman, Gregory K. Iverson and Jae Yung Song University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee This paper reports results on the acquisition of the English /s/ – /z/ phonemic contrast by native speakers of Spanish.

For example, a participant had to produce [s] in at least eight of the ten words in which [s] occurred in initial position before a vowel, and likewise for [z], in order for the IL to be accorded having the /s/ – /z/ contrast in the basic environment. Acoustic analysis As we are also investigating whether any of our participants made a covert contrast between [s] and [z], we performed an acoustic analysis on the relevant sound files. We begin by considering the acoustic measures for distinguishing between [s] and [z] in general, and then proceed to the particular parameters that we employed.

Demuth, K. 2005. Asymmetries in the acquisition of word-initial and word-final consonant clusters. Journal of Child Language 32: 709–734. Kirk, C. & Demuth, K. 2006. Accounting for variability in 2-year-olds’ production of coda consonants. Language Learning and Development 2: 97–118. O. J. (2000). The acquisition of syllable types. Language Acquisition 8: 237–264. Lehiste, I. 1972. The timing of utterances and linguistic boundaries. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 51: 2018–2024. Lleó, C.

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