Download United in Diversity?: Comparing Social Models in Europe and by Jens Alber, Neil Gilbert PDF

By Jens Alber, Neil Gilbert

Because the creation of the eu Union, politicians have more and more emphasised the idea of a ecu social version as a substitute to the yank type of marketplace capitalism, that's noticeable as selling financial progress with no regard for unity and social growth. As this political discourse has complicated, social scientists and educational coverage analysts have raised questions about the quantity to which the E.U. and U.S. social versions exist outdoor the minds of diplomats and politicians looking to sew jointly a standard identification. How a lot harmony is there nonetheless inside Europe after the japanese enlargements have significantly elevated fiscal and cultural range? To no matter what quantity one could determine a unique set of commonalities that symbolize the middle of a eu process, how diverse are the eu features of social, financial, and political lifestyles from these of America?

Addressing those matters, this e-book systematically analyzes how a lot eu nations and the USA have in universal and what sort of version we discover in the enlarged ecu Union in 8 valuable spheres of socio-economic and political existence: employment, equality/mobility, academic chance, integration of immigrants, democratic functioning, political participation, rights to welfare, and degrees of public spending. Drawing on empirical analyses through U.S. and eu students who symbolize multi-disciplinary backgrounds, each one of those issues is placed less than scrutiny. the result of this research light up issues of convergence and divergence as visible from the views of students from each side of the Atlantic.

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Extra resources for United in Diversity?: Comparing Social Models in Europe and America (International Policy Exchange Series)

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2 This chapter examines two models of politics—the American and the European. In theory and practice, these models share some features. Both more or less protect private property and more or less rely on market prices to guide economic life. But the two models also differ. The American model developed historically as a strong exemplar of the modern idea of politics and liberty. Apart from the United Kingdom, Europeans value government and collective choice much more than the Americans. What are the goals by which the New European should judge these models?

PA R T I STATE: STRUCTURE AND POLICY This page intentionally left blank SEC T ION I DEMOCR AT IC F UNC T IONING 1 DEMOCR AT IC QUA L I T Y IN A MER IC A A ND EUROP E S T EIN R ING EN T here is next to no dispute today that democracy is better than nondemocracy. Democracy protects freedom, fosters development and well-being, and encourages good government—at least usually and better than any alternative system. There is ample evidence for democracy providing these benefits, as summarised recently in Human Development Report (UNDP 2002).

Gambetta 1988). Two indicators follow: the degree of confidence in the population in political institutions and the degree of general trust in the future of freedom. Confidence and trust are not straightforward indicators to apply. In a vibrant democracy, we should expect citizens to be critical of those who rule and therefore to award them no more than optimal confidence (Rose 1994). g. Norris 1999; Boudon 2002; O’Neill 2002, and Parr et al. 2003). Therefore, the view that is taken here is that, relative to the overall state of confidence and trust, more is better than less.

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