By Germán Massabié
In spite of the industrial position of oil, Venezuela has all started constructing hydroelectricity because the Nineteen Fifties. at the present, the rustic is attempting to introduce extra renewable strength assets (RES) yet nonetheless has to beat a chain of hurdles with a view to install them. in contrast to different constructing nations, oil nations similar to Venezuela don't lack monetary capability and infrequently exhibit a bent to resolve difficulties through the use of funds whilst different ways can be extra useful. the most target of this qualitative, comparative coverage research is to determine even if the supply of oil sales restraints or favors the adoption of RES. according to the rentier kingdom idea, Germán Massabié examines the explanations why Petro states try and eliminate their common wealth to exploit non-conventional power resources. He analyses and translates basic and secondary info accumulated in Germany and in Venezuela and attracts on interviews with Venezuelan specialists, coverage makers, and key actors. The examine permits a glance past legislation, improvement courses, and professional statements.
Read or Download Venezuela: A Petro-State Using Renewable Energies: A Contribution to the Global Debate about New Renewable Energies for Electricity Generation PDF
Best political science books
Post yr be aware: First released in 2009
The way forward for Europe and the position it is going to play within the twenty first century are one of the most vital political questions of our time. The optimism of a decade in the past has now pale however the stakes are larger than ever. the best way those questions are responded can have huge, immense implications not just for all Europeans but additionally for the electorate of Europe's closest and oldest best friend - the us. during this new ebook, one in every of Europe's best intellectuals examines the political possible choices dealing with Europe this day and descriptions a plan of action for the long run. Habermas advocates a coverage of slow integration of Europe during which key judgements approximately Europe's destiny are installed the fingers of its peoples, and a "bipolar commonality" of the West within which a extra unified Europe is ready to paintings heavily with the us to construct a extra sturdy and equitable foreign order.
This booklet comprises Habermas's pix of 3 long-time philosophical partners, Richard Rorty, Jacques Derrida and Ronald Dworkin. additionally it is numerous vital new texts via Habermas at the influence of the media at the public sphere, at the enduring significance faith in "post-secular" societies, and at the layout of a democratic constitutional order for the emergent international society.
14 note PRESSproudly deals the compiled writings of political prisoner David Lane during this four hundred web page, delicate conceal e-book of profound knowledge and idea. writer of the sacred 14 phrases credo, David Lane serves a hundred ninety years in legal for resisting the genocide of his race. This unjust incarceration has afforded him the luxurious of deep examine and on-going study within the fields of race, politics and faith.
Lowe the current e-book to the encouragement and assistance of my neighbors, for which i'm moSll: indebted to them. this is applicable within the first position to Dr. P. Middelkoop, who labored in Timor for greater than thirty years as a missionary and bible translator. My gratitude for all of the aid he has given can not often be expressed in phrases, and that i can do not more than easily say that this publication is to a wide quantity additionally his booklet - the writing of it may well now not were finished with no his valued counsel.
- Conflict, Power, and Multitude in Machiavelli and Spinoza: Tumult and Indignation (Continuum Studies in Philosophy)
- Great Transformations: Economic Ideas and Institutional Change in the Twentieth Century
- Understanding Politics: Ideas, Institutions, and Issues
- Electoral Systems in Divided Societies: The Fiji Constitution
- State Apparatus: Structures and Language of Legitimacy
Extra resources for Venezuela: A Petro-State Using Renewable Energies: A Contribution to the Global Debate about New Renewable Energies for Electricity Generation
This kind of state does not need to tax its own society to finance its activities but it does so when considered necessary. The state concentrates its efforts on the extraction and maximization of international land-rents. Rents are, in turn, generously spent domestically. Rent dependence is reflected in the behavior of economic variables like labor market, productivity, real salary growth rate, relative prices, private and public investment, exchange rate, and private consumption and not just oil rents share to the GDP or exports.
It is crucial to keep in mind that importance of energy in todays world is given by the services it makes possible to provide: lighting, heating and cooling, water, food, pumping, refrigeration, transportation and communication (WEHAB Working Group 2002). In this chapter I turn to the electricity sector, what its characteristics are, and what kind of needs it satisfies. In the first section, some useful concepts like the energy system and its meaning in the social science will be introduced. Then, a brief description of the turning-points in the use of energy through history will follow in order to describe the energy use evolution through history.
These classes and interests have strong reasons to reinforce petrolization as a means for realizing their demands. 3. The Rentier State as a Barrier to Change. Dependence on petroleum revenues produces a distinctive type of institutional setting, the petro-state, which encourages the political distribution of rents. Such a state is characterized by fiscal reliance on petrodollars, which expands state jurisdiction and weakens authority as other extractive capabilities whither. As a result, when faced with competing pressures, state officials become habituated to relying on the progressive substitution of public spending for statecraft, thereby further weakening state capacity.