Download Venezuela: A Petro-State Using Renewable Energies: A by Germán Massabié PDF

By Germán Massabié

In spite of the industrial position of oil, Venezuela has all started constructing hydroelectricity because the Nineteen Fifties. at the present, the rustic is attempting to introduce extra renewable strength assets (RES) yet nonetheless has to beat a chain of hurdles with a view to install them. in contrast to different constructing nations, oil nations similar to Venezuela don't lack monetary capability and infrequently exhibit a bent to resolve difficulties through the use of funds whilst different ways can be extra useful. the most target of this qualitative, comparative coverage research is to determine even if the supply of oil sales restraints or favors the adoption of RES. according to the rentier kingdom idea, Germán Massabié examines the explanations why Petro states try and eliminate their common wealth to exploit non-conventional power resources. He analyses and translates basic and secondary info accumulated in Germany and in Venezuela and attracts on interviews with Venezuelan specialists, coverage makers, and key actors. The examine permits a glance past legislation, improvement courses, and professional statements.

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Extra resources for Venezuela: A Petro-State Using Renewable Energies: A Contribution to the Global Debate about New Renewable Energies for Electricity Generation

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This kind of state does not need to tax its own society to finance its activities but it does so when considered necessary. The state concentrates its efforts on the extraction and maximization of international land-rents. Rents are, in turn, generously spent domestically. Rent dependence is reflected in the behavior of economic variables like labor market, productivity, real salary growth rate, relative prices, private and public investment, exchange rate, and private consumption and not just oil rents share to the GDP or exports.

It is crucial to keep in mind that importance of energy in today’s world is given by the services it makes possible to provide: lighting, heating and cooling, water, food, pumping, refrigeration, transportation and communication (WEHAB Working Group 2002). In this chapter I turn to the electricity sector, what its characteristics are, and what kind of needs it satisfies. In the first section, some useful concepts like the energy system and its meaning in the social science will be introduced. Then, a brief description of the turning-points in the use of energy through history will follow in order to describe the energy use evolution through history.

These classes and interests have strong reasons to reinforce petrolization as a means for realizing their demands. 3. The Rentier State as a Barrier to Change. Dependence on petroleum revenues produces a distinctive type of institutional setting, the petro-state, which encourages the political distribution of rents. Such a state is characterized by fiscal reliance on petrodollars, which expands state jurisdiction and weakens authority as other extractive capabilities whither. As a result, when faced with competing pressures, state officials become habituated to relying on the progressive substitution of public spending for statecraft, thereby further weakening state capacity.

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