By Elizabeth Wilson
Women and the Welfare State methods the query of welfare coverage from a wholly clean point of view. In it the writer argues that an appreciation of ways during which ladies are outlined by means of welfare guidelines, and feature been because the beginnings of the commercial Revolution, is vital to a real knowing of the character of these guidelines and of the Welfare nation. an immense, attainable crucial, functionality of welfare coverage has been to advertise and continue a specific type of the relations; certainly, you'll outline the Welfare nation because the country association of household life.
To illustrate her arguments the writer appears to be like on the improvement of nation welfare intervention from the early 19th century to the current day and relates it to the altering place of girls, young ones, and of the kinfolk. the normal Marxist view is changed by way of a idea of the location of girls and by way of bearing on altering welfare rules and ideology approximately welfare either to the women’s routine of the prior century and to the information and theories of the modern Women’s Liberation Movement.
In her strategy Elizabeth Wilson argues – uniquely between writers at the Welfare country – for an emphasis at the ideology of welfare.
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Extra resources for Women and the Welfare State (Tavistock Women's Studies)
This point of view was kindlier and more humane than the more ‘scientific’ approach of the Fabians. ” ’ (Richter 1964:286) It was not surprising that there should be discussion amongst politicians and philanthropists of State intervention during this period of ‘Social Imperialism’. It reflected and commented upon a social world in which State intervention was in fact increasing. Indeed, State intervention in the welfare field ran alongside State intervention in the economy, which slowly but surely gained momentum.
Social workers who have written on the subject have usually tried to separate the charity-regulation aspects of COS activity from the method the Society evolved to achieve its end— casework. Kathleen Woodroofe (1962) for example concedes that the values of the COS were riddled with ‘galling classconsciousness’ but stresses the value of the casework method, which saw each applicant ‘as an individual’. Loch called it), while denying the fact that the poor had the social rights of a citizen. ’ (Woodroofe 1962:51) 50 Even today, many well-meaning social workers find it hard to see what is wrong with such an aim, so imbued with the social work ideology that they fail to appreciate the assumptions that lie behind this message—that working-class people have weakness of character, a certain inadequacy and spinelessness, which only the assistance of their betters can help them overcome.
Poverty was to be fought with religious morality and hygiene. These early assumptions of welfarism have hardly changed in 130 years. In particular the growth of urbanism weakened the forms of social control of the old villages and the rise of the Welfare State has all along been closely connected with the control of undesirable forms of behaviour. The preservation of the family also became a focus of alarm in the early Victorian period. The sexual promiscuity found in the common lodging houses and tenement slums and courts filled the Victorians with horror, as did the 29 condition of poor children.